Greece is the Word

April 20, 2015

Markets were off to a good start last week only to be derailed on Friday (DJIA down 279 points) by Greek default fears. Greece’s creditors are losing patience in Greece’s ability to make good on upcoming bond interest payments. A possible Greek default will, no doubt, raise concerns of a Greek exit from the Eurozone. It is likely that Greece will establish an emergency financing agreement, but how long can this Greek drama continue before seriously hurting European banks and impacting confidence in global growth?

U.S. economic data released last week were fairly disappointing: tepid retail sales, disappointing producer prices, weaker-than-expected Empire manufacturing numbers, poor housing starts, and jobless claims that missed consensus. Earnings releases during the week were mostly positive although a few bellwether companies reported lackluster results.

For the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Average finished at 17,826 to close down 1.26%. The broader-based S&P 500 closed at 2,081 for a loss of 0.98% for the week. The Nasdaq Composite closed the week at 4,931 for a drop of 1.28%. International markets fared better as the Dow Jones Global (ex US) Index inched ahead 0.18% for the week. The 10-year Treasury closed the week at a yield of 1.87% (down from 1.95% the prior week) as bond prices rose due to strong demand from Asian investors as well as poor economic reports.

The week ahead will see quarterly results from 144 S&P 500 companies along with economic releases for March Existing and New Home Sales and March Durable Goods Orders. Buckle-up …

As always, we urge investors not to get caught up in the day-to-day noise of the markets. Instead, focus on long-term goals, and enjoy the gift of each day.

“There is nothing permanent except change.”Heraclitus

Weekly Commentary – 4/13/15

April 13, 2015

Last week, U.S. equities continued their advance with the DJIA and the S&P 500 both up 1.7% for the week.  International stocks continued their YTD outperformance as developed markets measured by MSCI EAFE were up 1.7% while emerging markets measured by the MSCI EM increased 4.24%.  On the negative side, bonds slipped slightly as the yield on the 10 year U.S. Treasury note rose to 1.96% from 1.92%.

In the news last week, we started to see some signs of life in the housing sector.  Weekly mortgage applications increased 7% for purchases after being mostly flat earlier in the year.  Strength in the labor force and in household formations should boost housing this year, as well as better weather.

This week, look for stronger retail sales numbers on Tuesday, also helped by better weather.  Analysts are estimating March retails sales to increase by 1.1%.  Earnings season begins in earnest this week with major banks reporting as well as General Electric, Intel, and Johnson & Johnson.  Overall, quarterly earnings may be disappointing as analysts are estimating that S&P 500 earnings will decline 2.9% and revenues to also decline 2.9%.  The stronger dollar and lower oil prices continue to play out.

“Most people have never learned that one of the main aims in life is to enjoy it.” – Samuel Butler

Bad News Equals Good News?

April 6, 2015

The markets shrugged off what was mostly disappointing economic news to finish slightly higher for the week. Headlining the negative news were weak employment and manufacturing numbers while geopolitical tensions continue to persist despite a tentative agreement with Iran on their nuclear program. Details from last week’s Labor Department report showed nonfarm payroll jobs grew only 126,000 in March (far fewer than expected which marked the smallest gain since Dec. 2013), a continued dip in workforce participation, and unemployment steady at 5.5%. ISM Manufacturing and factory orders were also reported last week showing a slowing pace of growth in the manufacturing sector … consistent with other indicators from the past few weeks (Durable Goods Orders). All of this seemingly negative news will likely push out the next Fed rate hike (good news for equity investors).

For the week, the S&P500 finished up 0.58% closing at 2,067 while the DJIA was up 0.53% finishing at 17,763. Smaller US companies measured by the Russell 2000 finished up 1.99% which continues to be aided by a stronger US Dollar. International markets also had a positive week, with the MSCI EAFE finishing up slightly at 0.01% and MSCI EM up 3.20%. The yield on the 10yr Treasury finished lower this week at a yield of 1.92%.

This past Tuesday marked the end of the 1st quarter which means two things: 1) Our Investment Committee at ND&S is putting the finishing touches on our 2015 1st Qtr Newsletter.  2) The Azaleas will be in full bloom at Augusta National Golf Club as The Master’s begins this Thursday.

Happy Spring!

“You swing your best when you have the fewest things to think about.”Bobby Jones

Two steps forward, one step back

March 31, 2015

The market’s intermittent upward movement was temporarily interrupted by last week’s 2.2% S&P 500 decline. This resulted in a so far meager 0.1% YTD increase which has been softened by the 3.3% year-to-date increase in the Nasdaq. From a technical perspective, the S&P 500 is below its 50-day moving average, while the Nasdaq is holding above its 50-day line.

The markets are dealing with a number of uncertainties: Flight 9525’s tragic demise, Greek finances, Middle East turmoil which includes a Saudi Arabian coalition bombing rebels in Yemen [what happened to US diplomacy’s shining “success”?], and the ongoing scramble to reach a nuclear pact with Iran. This constantly changing potpourri will continue to foment market volatility.

Finally, the passing of Lee Kuan Yew deserves special mention. He seemingly willed his post-colonial city state from poverty to prominence. He did not embrace Western political principals, but combined autocracy with meritocracy, the rule of law, and intolerance for corruption. The result is an economic miracle: Singapore boasts the world’s second largest port, a celebrated airline with 15 million visitors a year and a per capita income of over $50,000 [the highest in Asia].

Singapore

“Behind every successful man stands a surprised mother-in-law.”Voltaire

Dollar Strength

March 23, 2015

Last week, both stock and bond markets advanced. For the week, the S&P 500 was up 2.67% closing at 2,108, while the DJIA was up 2.18% finishing at 18,128. International markets fared a little better as the MSCI EAFE finished up 4.02%, while the MSCI EM was up 3.21% for the week. The 10 year U.S. Treasury closed the week at a yield of 1.93% which was down from 2.13% the week prior. The most important economic news this week came from Wednesday’s Fed Meeting. As expected, the Fed removed the word “patience” from its post-meeting statement while also lowering its longer term unemployment rate projection to 5.1%. While this might allow more leeway in delaying a Fed Funds rate hike, we still believe we will see a rate increase at some point in 2015.

The dollar has appreciated 12% against the euro so far this year and 5.3% against the WSJ Dollar Index (as shown in the chart below). The strength in the dollar is negatively affecting the earnings of U.S. companies that generate a large proportion of their earnings from overseas. As a result, analysts are starting to reduce profit forecasts for the S&P 500. Last September, analysts were projecting profits to increase by 9.5% in the first quarter and 11.6% for the full year. Now they are expecting first quarter profits to fall by 4.9% and only increase by 2.1% for the year.

Dollar Chart

“Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest steppingstones to success.” – Dale Carnegie

March Madness …

March 16, 2015

March madness is upon us – excitement, victory, and heartbreak … not unlike the markets!

Markets were quite volatile last week as they dropped for the third week in a row as pallid economic data and declining oil prices rattled investors. A slew of less-than-expected economic data hit the markets last week: U.S. retail sales fell for the third straight month, the Produce Price Index (PPI) fell 0.5% in February against an expected gain of 0.3%, Consumer Sentiment came in at 91.2 against an expected reading of 95, mortgage applications fell in early March, and oil prices plummeted to a nearly 6-year low. Perhaps the weather impacted a number of these data points, but it is tough to be encouraged by the overall tone of announcements. But all is not lost … a few positives from the markets and economy last week include initial jobless claims of 289,000 in early March along with relatively strong earnings reports. Most S&P 500 companies have reported quarterly earnings, and 68% of companies have reported better-than-expected results.

For the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Average finished at 17,749 to close down 0.56%. The broader-based S&P 500 closed at 2,053 for a loss of 0.80% for the week. The Nasdaq Composite closed the week at 4,872 for a drop of 1.10%. International markets fared even worse as the Dow Jones Global (ex US) Index dropped 2.06% for the week. The 10-year Treasury closed the week at a yield of 2.13% (down from 2.24% the prior week) as bond prices rose due to falling oil prices, troubles in the Eurozone and abnormally low yields overseas.

Chart 3.16

As always, we urge investors not to get caught up in the day-to-day noise of the markets. Instead, focus on long-term goals, and enjoy the gift of each day. Spring is almost here …

Happy St. Patrick’s Day!

“Failure to prepare is preparing to fail.”  –  John Wooden

What Is Your Investment Philosophy?

March 10, 2015

Would you say you are a trader? I am venturing to guess … “Probably not”. Are you a long-term investor? You would probably say … “Yes, I am”. Some espouse the belief that they invest for the long-term, but get caught up in day to day information that might affect their investments. The old salt about the three principals of investing are patience, patience, and patience. But do you believe that? All of us can get caught up in our emotions of fear and greed when it comes to our own money. When the market is doing nicely (what were you thinking on October 9th 2007?), do you want to put more money into stocks or buy some speculative high flyers? When “Mr. Market” falls over 10% (which history tells us is long overdue…) or is in the midst of a recession will you be scared and want to sell some or even panic and sell all your holdings? These feelings are certainly universal, but try not to get carried away by the feelings of the moment.

We believe strongly in a true long-term approach. It is imperative to know what you are investing in, but don’t be swayed into a rash decision by current news stories.  When you saw the Dow Jones index down 279 points on Friday, what was your reaction? Were you scared, did you think it could be an opportunity, or did you look at it as just another day?  Your answer is critical to your success.  On the other hand, you might want to let your financial advisor deal with the feelings of fear and greed.  No, this is not a plug!

To be sure, there is good and bad news (and a lot of noise in today’s era of 24hr News Channels and Twitter…) that affect us all, i.e. the horrors of the Middle East, oil prices, new pharmaceutical drugs that could make a stock soar, etc..  Heck, today (March 9th) marks the 6 year anniversary of when the world finished “ending” (S&P 500 bottomed at 677 on March 9th, 2009 foretelling the end of the “Great Recession”).  As you can see in the chart below, the market sold off sharply in 2008, but now has been up six consecutive years.  How do these facts affect your thinking?  Much of the time it should not lead to a buy or sell decision.

Enjoy your spring!

Bear Market

“Investing should be more like watching paint dry or watching grass grow. If you want excitement, take $800 and go to Las Vegas.”Paul Samuelson

Markets Take A T.O.

March 2, 2015

Markets returns were mixed last week, with strong earnings and guidance from some well established U.S. companies [Lowe’s (L), Home Depot (HD), Macy’s (M) to name a few] offsetting weaker economic news and lower oil. On Tuesday and Wednesday, Fed Chair Janet Yellen delivered her semiannual economic and policy report to Congress. The Fed will continue to be patient for an interest rate increase while also expressing confidence in the economic strength and employment recovery. On Friday, according to the Commerce Department (see chart below), 4th Qtr. GDP was revised to 2.2% which was weaker than the 2.6% estimate last month. For 2014 as a whole, GDP expanded 2.4%, slightly better than 2.2% average during the 2010-2013 recovery.

GDP Chart

For the week, the S&P 500 finished at 2,105, down -0.24% after three straight weeks of positive performance while the DJIA finished up .02% to close at 18,133. International markets continued their upward trend as the MSCI EAFE returned 1.09% and MSCI EM gained 0.61% for the week. Interest rates finished mostly lower for the week as the yield on a 10yr Treasury is now 1.99%. Oil (WTI) finished at $49.60 a barrel which was down 3.1% for week.

While the Fed continues to contemplate a rate increase… when its does occur, it will be sure to bring with it market volatility and uncertainty. Historically speaking, equities have performed well at the start of rate hikes. We recommend investors continue to be globally diversified in-line with one’s long term objectives.

“Nothing so needs reforming as other people’s habits.” – Mark Twain

Funds Flowing Overseas

February 23, 2015

Last week, U.S. equity markets continued their advance with both the DJIA and the S&P 500 hitting record highs.  For the week, the DJIA was up 0.71% and the S&P 500 increased by 0.68%.  Growth stocks continue to lead value stocks helped by healthcare and technology.  This week, look for economic reports on durable goods, CPI, and the second revision to GDP for the 4th quarter. CPI is estimated to be -0.7% driven by lower gasoline prices, and GDP numbers may be revised downward to 2.1% from 2.6%.

Bond prices slipped last week as the rate on the 10 year U.S. Treasury rose to 2.13% from 2.02% the previous week.  However, lower inflation numbers will probably allow the Fed to take more time before beginning to raise interest rates this year.

Last year, international diversification was a drag on equity returns, but this year it is helping with the MSCI EAFE index up 5.37% and MSCI EM up 3.11% YTD (much better than US returns).  International economies have stabilized and valuations are more attractive than in the U.S.. As a result, funds have started to flow into foreign equities.

Flow Chart

(Click chart for additional information)

“Price is what you pay, value is what you get.”  –  Warren Buffett

Dollar Domination

February 18, 2015

The market extended last week’s rally, with the S&P up 2% and the Nasdaq advancing 3.1%.  Both the Greek and the Ukraine difficulties induced mid-week volatility, but were [temporarily?] put on the back-burner by week’s end.

We expect that several unresolved financial issues will soon reappear on center stage: when [and at what pace] will the Fed start to raise rates?  How much pressure will the stronger $ put on S&P earnings [currently below $120/share]?  Will oil prices make new lows [as the still-rising production and inventories suggest] or stabilize at current levels [as the financial markets seem determined to effect]?  Finally, will further European QE actions drive rates to even lower negative real-return levels?

What is certain is that the US economy is maintaining its forward momentum, and that the dollar bull market, as the following chart illustrates, has just gotten started:

2.18.15 Dollar Chart

“Writing is an act of invention”David Carr